Brazil is a key agricultural and industrial power with the strongest economy in Latin America. However, despite recent improvements in income distribution, poverty remains widespread, with income inequality a significant challenge at the root of rural poverty. Approximately 35 percent of the population lives on less than two dollars per day; in rural areas, this increases to 51 percent (IFAD 2012). Since approximately 19 percent of Brazil’s population lives in rural areas, this means that Brazil has about 18 million poor rural people.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2011201220132014
Rice Production
FAO 2014
13,476,994 MT11,549,881 MT11,782,549 MT12,175,602 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2012
5,690,043 MT4,418,388 MT5,738,473 MT6,261,895 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
55,660,235 MT71,072,810 MT80,273,172 MT79,881,614 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2013
74,815,447 MT65,848,857 MT81,724,477 MT86,760,520 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2010201120122013
Rice Exports
FAO 2013
420,960 MT1,291,598 MT1,099,232 MT816,398 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2012
1,324,208 MT2,350,720 MT2,404,896 MT1,188,299 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2013
10,815,275 MT9,486,914 MT19,801,939 MT26,624,890 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2012
29,073,200 MT32,985,562 MT32,468,028 MT42,796,106 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
747,909 MT580,594 MT693,757 MT737,363 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
6,323,216 MT5,740,453 MT6,580,434 MT7,273,279 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
462,539 MT656,336 MT830,443 MT911,387 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2013
117,840 MT40,981 MT266,464 MT282,813 MT
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