The Lima UN Climate Conference (Lima COP20 CMP10) was held in December 2014 and set the stage for global policymakers to establish a universal climate change agreement in Paris at the end of this year. Representatives from over 190 countries agreed upon the elements to be addressed by the Paris 2015 conference and achieved a number of “firsts” in international climate discussions.
Both developed and developing countries pledged over $10 billion in funds to the newly established Green Climate Fund (GCF). Several industrialized countries also engaged in a new process known as a Multilateral Assessment in which they answered questions regarding their emissions. The Lima Ministerial Declaration on Education and Awareness-raising called for climate change issues to be included in school curricula and national development plans.
The issue of climate change adaptation played a starring role in the discussions. Specifically, the conference recognized that National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) will play in important part in increasing countries’ resilience to climate change, and leaders focused on how global initiatives can support country-level strategies. A work program was also established to examine how climate change impacts vulnerable populations in developing nations, including indigenous and minority peoples.
Peru launched a new climate change portal, Nazca Climate Action Portal. The portal is designed to increase the visibility of climate change action among cities, regions, private companies, investors, and international initiatives. The governments of Peru and France also launched a Lima-Paris Action Agenda to increase discussion and support for the upcoming 2015 agreement. This agenda aims to galvanize cities, regions, countries, and the global private sector to take further action on climate change by 2020.
For further highlights and outcomes of the Lima conference, see the full press release.